Cerebal Palsy: Etiology

Introduction

Cerebral palsy is a non-progressive neurological disorder arising from fetal or infant brain damage. It can originate from one of several etiologies, and although cerebral palsy is not reversible, its prompt identification is crucial to effective management of the disease. Additionally, it is important to identify as many of its origins as possible in order to aid ongoing diagnostic processes and in hopes that the disease may be prevented in the future. Most causes of cerebral palsy are prenatal – that is, the neurological deficit that leads to the disease occurs to the fetus in utero (while it is in the womb). Some causes of the disease are natal, that is, they occur at or around the time of birth. Finally, other causes are postnatal, meaning they occur after birth.

etiology

cerebral palsy